You must have people like drama queen, fat potato, or cry baby in your life and at some point, you too might be labelled by the same irritating and stupid names but do you know there stands an emotion why a cry baby cries a lot, a fat potato is fat and the drama queen settles for dramatic impact. It might be due to anything,
Or sometimes you may fall from your cloud nine to the bottom, never knowing what is happening, well these isn’t a black magic to be only cured when you twist your wand.LOL. It could be the result of some common disorders keep reading to control these crappy making things.
Mental disorder AKA mental illness is a wide range of conditions that affect mood, thinking and behaviour.
Here are the five most common types of disorders
1. Mood disorders
When you have mood disorders, you are tend to deform with the changing circumstances and interferes the functioning process. During these period, no emotion lasts longer, You may feel empty at the moment, and sad at the next. It is normal for someone’s mood to change, depending on the situation. However, to be diagnosed with a mood disorder, symptoms must be present for several weeks or longer.
Types of mood disorders
With the update of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) in 2013, mood disorders are now separated into two groups: bipolar disorder and related disorders and depressive disorders.
A. Bipolar disorder
According to Apollo hospitals, is a disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs, the bipolar 1 is extreme with some manic episodes the bipolar 2 consists of hypomanic and depressive episodes.
Globally, the lifelong prevalence rate of bipolar disorder is 0.3–1.5%.
Common Symptoms of bipolar disorder
1. Mood swings
2. Risky / reckless behavior
3. Unwanted thoughts,
4. Loss of pleasure in favourite activities
5. Insomniac or excess sleepiness
Treatment from a therapist is significant
B. Depressive disorders / Clinical depression
It’s a disorder specify by continual depressive mood and lacking interests in activities that were once enjoyed.
To be diagnosed with MDD (Clinical depression) you need to meet the symptom criteria listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Check it out here.
Here are some common symptoms of depressive disorders, resourced by healthline.com
1. Thoughts associated with suicide
2. Low self-esteem
3. Changes in daily behavior
4. Unable to focus
5. Feeling of irritation and sadness whole day
6. Self harming / Suicidal thoughts
Therapies like Behavioural, Cognitive or interpersonal are used to treat mood disorders and bipolar disorders. However, Treatment from any qualified clinical psychologist or psychiatrist could be useful.
2. Anxiety disorders
Anxiety disorders is characterized by feelings associated with worry, fear and anxiety that affects many mental and functional areas of a person.
The common symptoms of anxiety disorders are,
1. Persistent worrying,
2. Inability to kick off the fear,
3. Fatigue or sweating
5. Rapid heartbeat, Shaking / dry mouth
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most widely-used therapy for anxiety disorders.
Avoiding alcohol, caffeine, smoking during these phase including physical exercises.
3. Eating disorders
Eating disorders are illnesses in which the people experience severe disturbances in their eating behaviors and related thoughts and emotions. People with eating disorders typically become pre-occupied with food and their body weight. A negative body image is prominent in eating disorders because many people with eating disorders place a high value on their body shape and weight when determining their own self-worth.
People I’ve seen going through it may feel anxious about my weight, and tend to try every possible way to lose some pounds, and may feel worried about how much calories they eat and how much they lose, which may lead to skipping meals, over – exercising, etc
These was kinda similar to my case of eating disorder. Even a single piece of a food was enough to threaten me.
Causes of eating disorders
3. Biological factors
4. Environmental impact
There are several types of eating disorders, the majors are such as Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorders, etc. Cognitive therapy is use to cure anorexia while IPT is a type of therapy that’s used to treat eating disorders like binge eating disorder or bulimia.
Using food as a means of expressing or suppressing emotions / rewarding or punishing could be an early sign of eating disorder.
Anorexia nervosa – an emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat.
They’re tend to over exercise, eat a fix small amount of food or sometimes may also skip meals, however it is prior to seek therapy.
Bulimia Nervosa – According to Apollo hospitals, it’s a serious eating disorder marked by bingeing, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.
Bulimia is a potentially life-threatening eating disorder.
Binge eating disorder – It consists of consuming binge food, even when it’s unnecessary which often makes a person deliberate and uncomfortable.
Let me know your experiences of overcoming any of these disorders !
IG – @only.mental_health
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